This is an general page for rough work
Aristotle said that the fourth dimension didn’t exist. Aristotle also said that women have a lower temperature than men and are lower life forms. Times, they are a changin’. Scientists and mathematicians have extrapolated theories using thought experiments and mathematical equations that point to the existence of the fourth (and higher) dimensions. Einstein defined the fourth dimension as time.
What Aristotle can teach you about leadership
May 23, 2019
2000 years ago, Aristotle, the world’s greatest philosopher, statesman and writer made a profound observation about Successful leaders.
As per Aristotle, all successful people have loads of something called koine aisthesis or sensus communis.
He describes this quality as the higher-order perception that humans uniquely possess but used properly only by a few. This acts as a kind of guide for the others, organising them as well as mobilising them in one connected perceptual apparatus.
In the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle defines this quality as a “master” virtue and a must for achieving success in life. He also terms this quality as phronesis, a term which combines ethics and action.
Phronesis has been interpreted in different ways, “prudence” is the most common one. But the definition that I like best is “practical wisdom.” Or “common sense”.
Let us see what Aristotle has to tell about practical wisdom-:
• Practical wisdom combines action, accompanied by reason and ethics required to prevail over a difficult situation.
• It does not depend on knowledge of the person. Rather it depends on a particular situation and a particular situation requires specific action.
• Practical wisdom is critical for decisions promoting Eudaimonia (Happiness or Leading a good life).
In a nutshell, Deliberation, Reasoning, and Action. This is the stuff of practical wisdom.
Aristotle considers this as the master virtue because this is the only virtue which keeps the other virtues in “check” or in other words, in perfect balance.
For example, too much “courage” in an impossible situation is foolishness. Similarly, Loyalty can degrade into “blind obedience” if done without thinking rationally. Likewise, too much of “self-confidence” can harden into a stubborn ego and so on.
Thus Practical wisdom “is the ability to do the right thing, at the right time, for the right reason.”
And In Book 6 of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle lays out the skills and attributes a leader needs to develop in order to become practically wise.
Know your objective
Businesses form teams to achieve an objective that improves the quality of a service or product, reduces waste, or removes inefficiencies in a process. Successful teams have a strong leader who can guide the group toward the objective or goal.
The goals of the leader must align with the objective of the project and lead the team toward its mission.
Always remember a leader who does not understand his objective can never attain practical wisdom in it.
Understand the Perception.
Once in a while, businesses will encounter emergency situations that often need quick action. These moments are understandably challenging, as their outcomes largely depend on the leading capabilities of the leader in charge.
And this is precisely what Aristotle meant when he tells us that practical wisdom depends on a particular situation and a particular situation requires specific action.
To know how to act in a particular situation, we need to deftly perceive and understand the circumstances before us. What are the facts in this case? What’s the history here? How do others feel about it?
Successful leaders tailor their responses accordingly to the situation in hand and turn the tables deftly.
Seek the Truth
Great leaders are truth seekers. It enables them to deal with facts and act in the best interest of their business and their people.
And Aristotle believed that an understanding of absolute truth was necessary in order to be practically wise. Absolute truths act as boundaries for us while we exercise practical wisdom.
Understanding absolutes require an informed intellect. This gives us the necessary data to slice and dice and come up with a meaningful decision which ultimately brings Eudaimonia to all.
Learn from Experience
In the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle states that “practical wisdom is also of particulars, which come to be known as a result of experience, but a young person is inexperienced: a long period of time creates experience.”
Aristotle firmly believed that practical wisdom could only be gained through experience. He often likened practical wisdom to a skill like carpentry or masonry. You can’t just read a book about carpentry and expect to become a master carpenter.
You become more and more practically wise, the more situations you face. And with every situation you face, you gain more experience, either good or bad. And this cumulative experience is the key to success.
You learn from your experiences and make informed right decisions.
Play the Devil’s advocate and then act on it.
According to Aristotle, “the person skilled in identifying multiple options would in general also be practically wise.” The heart of practical wisdom is deliberation.
Practical wisdom requires that we deliberate with ourselves the best course of action to take in a given situation. It’s a skill that we become more adept at through experience.
And Of course, all the reasoning and deliberation would be a waste of time if we do not Act on it. Over and over again in the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle states that “practical wisdom is bound up with action.”
It’s not enough to know what the correct thing to do is, you must actually do it.
Why is Common Sense So Important?
As organisations have become more complex, specialised, and bureaucratic, the opportunity to exercise practical wisdom has increasingly been replaced with reliance on rules, regulations, and incentives to achieve our goals. But rules don’t always work as intended.
However, Successful leaders always ensure that while rules and processes should be powerful enough to command discipline and commitment, but at the same time, they should be flexible and nimble to act effectively in unforeseen or unusual circumstances.
And this Flexibility to adapt comes from common sense. Common sense thus is a form of practical decision-making and the ability to imagine the consequences of something you do. It stops us from making irrational mistakes and makes it easier to make choices on what to do.
And we aren’t born with common sense, we develop it over time and with repeated practice.
As Aristotle has rightly said:
Men acquire a particular quality by constantly acting in a particular way.
The 4th dimension in art & science **
Published on Mar 6, 2016
Einstein’s theory of general relativity describes space and time as a unified 4-D continuum called ‘spacetime.’ Consider yourself as having three spatial dimensions-height, width, and breadth. You also have the dimension of duration-how long you last. Modern physics views time as an extra dimension; thus, we live in a universe having (at least) three spatial dimensions and one additional dimension of time. Stop and consider some mystical implications of spacetime. Can something exist outside of spacetime? For example, Thomas Aquinas believed God to be outside of spacetime and thus capable of seeing all of the universe’s objects, past and future, in one blinding instant. An observer existing outside of time, in a region called ‘hypertime,’ can see the past and future all at once (pgs. 18-19).
A higher world is not only possible, but probable; such a world may be considered as a world of four dimensions. Nothing prevents the spiritual world and its beings, and heaven and hell, being by our very side. (quoted in Surfing Through Hyperspace by Clifford Pickover)
ONE FOOT WALKING
What is the path of one foot walking?
Plato’s Fourth Dimension In a passage which deals with the essential difference between under-standing and reasoning, between knowledge and cognition Plato refers to the fourth dimension as speeds: Of course we have to divide the art of measurement into two parts just as we said. On the one hand we put all the arts which measure number
Plato calls this the world of becoming. So, for Plato, reality is split into two dimensions: the world of being, which is fundamental reality, and the world of becoming, which is the world we experience through our senses. The world of becoming is a mere shadow of the world of being.
The Fourth Dimension
By Charles H. Hinton
[This selection includes excerpts of The Fourth Dimension (1904) including material from Chapters 1, 4, and 5. Copy-text: pp 120-141, Speculations on the Fourth Dimension, Selected Writings of Charles H. Hinton, Copyright 1980 by Dover Publications, Inc., ISBN 0-486-23916-0, LC 79-54399.]
Plato, in a wonderful allegory, speaks of some men living in such a condition that they were practically reduced to be the denizens of a shadow world. They were chained, and perceived but the shadows of themselves and all real objects projected on a wall, towards which their faces were turned. All movements to them were but movements on the surface, all shapes but the shapes of outlines with no substantiality.
Plato uses this illustration to portray the relation between true being and the illusions of the sense world. He says that just as a man liberated from his chains could learn and discover that the world was solid and real, and could go back and tell his bound companions of this greater higher reality, so the philosopher who has been liberated, who has gone into the thought of the ideal world, into the world of ideas greater and more real than the things of sense, can come and tell his fellow men of that which is more true than the visible sun–more noble than Athens, the visible state.
Now, I take Plato’s suggestion; but literally, not metaphorically. He imagines a world which is lower than this world, in that shadow figures and shadow motions are its constituents; and to it he contrasts the real world. As the real world is to this shadow world, so is the higher world to our world. I accept his analogy. As our world in three dimensions is to a shadow or plane world, so is the higher world to our three-dimensional world. That is, the higher world is four-dimensional; the higher being is, so far as its existence is concerned apart from its qualities, to be sought through the conception of an actual existence spatially higher than that which we realize with our senses.
Here you will observe I necessarily leave out all that gives its charm and interest to Plato’s writings. All those conceptions of the beautiful and good which live immortally in his pages.
All that I keep from his great storehouse of wealth is this one thing simply–a world spatially higher than this world, a world which can only be approached through the stocks and stones of it, a world which must be apprehended laboriously, patiently, through the material things of it, the shapes, the movements, the figures of it.
We must learn to realize the shapes of objects in this world of the higher man; we must become familiar with the movements that objects make in his world, so that we can learn something about his daily experience, his thoughts of material objects, his machinery.
The means for the prosecution of this enquiry are given in the conception of space itself.
But how explain the shifting scene, these mutations of things!
“Illusion,” answers Parmenides. Distinguishing between truth and error, he tells of the true doctrine of the one–the false opinion of a changing world. He is no less memorable for the manner of his advocacy than for the cause he advocates. It is as if from his firm foothold of being he could play with the thoughts under the burden of which others labored, for from him springs that fluency of supposition and hypothesis which forms the texture of Plato’s dialectic.
Can the mind conceive a more delightful intellectual picture than that of Parmenides, pointing to the one, the true, the unchanging, and yet on the other hand ready to discuss all manner of false opinion, forming a cosmogony too, false “but mine own” after the fashion of the time?
In support of the true opinion he proceeded by the negative way of showing the self-contradictions in the ideas of change and motion. It is doubtful if his criticism, save in minor points, has ever been successfully refuted. To express his doctrine in the ponderous modern way we must make the statement that motion is phenomenal not real.
What is the significance of Lobatchewsky’s and Bolyai’s work?
It must be recognized as something totally different from the conception of a higher space; it is applicable to spaces of any number of dimensions. By immersing the conception of distance in matter to which it properly belongs, it promises to be of the greatest aid in analysis; for the effective distance of any two particles is the product of complex material conditions and cannot be measured by hard and fast rules. Its ultimate significance is altogether unknown. It is a cutting loose from the bonds of sense, not coincident with the recognition of a higher dimensionality, but indirectly contributory thereto.
Thus, finally, we have come to accept what Plato held in the hollow of his hand; what Aristotle’s doctrine of the relativity of substance implies. The vast universe, too, has its higher, and in recognizing it we find that the directing being within us no longer stands inevitably outside our systematic knowledge.
René Descartes has been dubbed the “Father of Modern Philosophy“, but he was also one of the key figures in the Scientific Revolution of the 17th Century, and is sometimes considered the first of the modern school of mathematics.
Following on from early movements towards the use of symbolic expressions in mathematics by Diophantus, Al-Khwarizmi and François Viète, “La Géométrie” introduced what has become known as the standard algebraic notation, using lowercase a, b and c for known quantities and x, y and z for unknown quantities
In 1637, he published his ground-breaking philosophical and mathematical treatise “Discours de la m thode” (the Discourse on Method ), and one of its appendices in particular, “La G om trie”, is now considered a landmark in the history of mathematics.
Giorgio de Chirico
What can an empty town square tell us about the human condition? Giorgio de Chirico considered that question with his mysterious works produced between 1911 and 1917. They were unlike anything else being made in Europe at the time, resembling nothing like the haughty abstractions then being produced by Cubists in Paris or the colourful experiments with motion being made by the Futurists in Italy.
De Chirico’s work from this era was termed “Metaphysical Painting” by the French poet and critic Guillaume Apollinaire, and it would become fundamental to the development of Surrealism for the way his enigmatic scenes seemed less concerned with presenting any kind of reality than they were with offering up dreamlike scenarios that were at once disorienting and confounding, sinister and sly, heartbreaking and solitary.
Sigmund Freud (/ f r ɔɪ d / FROYD; German: [ˈziːk.mʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt]; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.. Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austrian
.. 1. Extraversion: This trait includes characteristics such as excitability, sociability, talkativeness, assertiveness and high amounts of emotional expressiveness. 2. Agreeableness: This personality dimension includes attributes such as trust, altruism, kindness, affection, and other pro-social behaviours. 3. Conscientiousness: Common features of this dimension include high levels of thoughtfulness, with good impulse control and goal-directed behaviours. Those high in conscientiousness tend to be organized and mindful of details. SEC 4 Page 2 of 6 4. Neuroticism: Individuals high in this trait tend to experience emotional instability, anxiety, moodiness, irritability, and sadness. 5. Openness: This trait features characteristics such as imagination and insight, and those high in this trait also tend to have a broad range of interests. It is important to note that each of the five personality factors represents a range between two extremes. For example, extraversion represents a continuum between extreme extraversion and extreme introversion. In the real world, most people lie somewhere in between the two polar ends of each dimension.
Introduction to my art
The importance of this artwork is hard to judge, because the conversation itself can travel in circles.
To help to break this cycle, let’s introduce some names;
Jesus Christ. Guru Nanak. Buddha. Krishna. Muhammad. Moses.
For Science you have;
Charles Hilton. Edwin Hall. Henri Poincare. Isaac Newton. Steve Hawkins. Thomas Edison. August Möbius. Nicola Tesla, and Einstein.
For Philosophy you have;
Aristotle. Plato. Rene discards. Giorgio Bruno, and Freud.
And for Art you have;
Salvador Dali. Leonardo da Vinci. Pablo Picasso.
All these wonderful people have one thing in common;
Either they energized the fourth dimension, or they tried to study/ paint it.
Thus, it is an important subject, within the different sectors ;
Science, religion, philosophy, art.
By studying these mathematical formulae, the following questions can be studied;
- What is the crucial difference between the third dimension and other dimensions?
- Are all equals the same?
- The law of polarisation?
- The law of position?
- The law of entrance?
- What are the sizes of other dimensions and how do they compare to the third dimension?
- Does the law of supply and demand apply in other dimensions and if so what does it look like?
- What is the Primal overall Direction of the force?
- We have three primary colours which we know. What are the primary colours in the other dimension?
- Can we Express loudness in a 2-dimensional form?
What a fantastic time to be alive!!
“If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration.” ― Nikola Tesla “I don’t care that they stole my idea.
“Everything in Life is Vibration” – Albert Einstein. The law of nature that states everything has a vibration. If you’ve taken a chemistry class you probably remember learning about atoms, and that everything is made up of atoms.
We are slowed down sound and light waves, a walking bundle of frequencies tuned into the cosmos. We are souls dressed up in sacred biochemical garments and our bodies are the instruments through which our souls play their music.
Looking beyond the physical, optical, psychological, or philosophical properties of colour, their works consider its continuing mystery. Like the refracted colours of the prism they point to the insubstantial and invisible, giving physical form and expression to that which lies beyond the boundaries of sensory perception.
Draws the viewer in to be mesmerised by their luminous atmospheres. These works propose new ways of seeing the world and understanding reality, allowing colour to be a figuring of light; a representation of the intangible.
The surface of the painting is his subject matter, while he also wishes to create worlds and a present that exists behind it. He wants to extend our perspective and our world’s limitations, by creating images that are associated with one another and reconstructing his paintings from seemingly unrelated information. He believes that using flashy colours and old-fashioned imagery is a forceful way to get the viewer to look beyond the painting’s surface.
The paintings are indeed bright and colourful, like a stopped moment, exaggerated and splendid. They are like a tourist photograph of the best tourist spot on a clear day, or like an artificial flower.
beyond fine art
strong mirrored roots to the real world
in the 4th , mathematics change and the sense of wonderment begin.
In my work, I use colours and materials that bring out the artificiality of the subject matter. The paintings are artificial in subject: media scenes and over-stylised
I use bright colours for the same reason I use painterly clichés. The colours and the clichés, which in my paintings are realised and repeated, interfere with the simple and straightforward enjoyment of my paintings. The clichés serve to distract the viewer away from the surface.
a masterpiece is under stood by the many, but a centre piece is yet to be explained
The result of many years of research fuelled by my intense interest in the subject, the pursuit of which is ongoing. I initiated this publication by creating an archive of works of art based on my own aesthetic preferences, combined with what I believed to be spiritual content. I then set out to study and experience as many of the works in person as possible, By taking advantage of my studio and developing close, long-term relationships with contributing subjects. I owe a tremendous debt to the Sikh philosophy , the interaction has enriched my life beyond measure. For me, they raise fundamental philosophical questions: What does it mean to be a human ? How do we want to live? Each work of art poses its own set of questions and I invite readers to consider diverse expressions of spiritually around them .
“We sit on a spinning rock, but instead of perceiving the rotation, we perceive the stars moving around….sounds a lot like illusion…the flow of time is a figment of our consciousness that allows us to operate,and to figure out how there can be anything but subjective reality “??
“The quantum realm, the most fundamental level of nature we know of, from which the classical world we observe emerges “???
“The extent to which this perception of time represents some real property of the universe is another question entirely.
Here is where we enter the daunting terrain with neuroscience on one side and physics on the other “???
“Because our cells have evolved to track sequences of events.We construct time, without having to impose clock time, to make sense of our exeriences. Our sense of time, is bound up more with our sense of self than anything else “???
“Physicists argue that the flow of time results from the second law of thermodynamics, which insists that in a closed system the overall disorder, known as entropy always increases, but it is far from clear that the universe is a closed system “???
“The warping of felt time, both in retrospect and in the moment, is as much about emotion as anything else, which suggests that heart rate, or more likely a sum of various bodily states, could serve as an intrinsic measure of duration(time) “???
“Time by itself does not exist… It must not be claimed that anyone can sense time apart from the movement of things”
“We have all felt : time flies when you are having fun and drags when you arebored. Must dramatically, time seems to go into super-slow motion when you are gripped by fear “???
“Time for us depends as much on motion as it does in Einstein’s relativity. There is evidence of this “spatialisation of time”, ….Buonomano “???
“The ability to create mental representations of something as abstract as time ,which we can’t see or touch, remains one of the great mysteries of the mind “???
“The lateral entorhinal cortex, where they found these time cells, and the medial entorhinal cortex, where grid cells live, send signals directly into the neighbouring hippocampus…..Albert Tsao/Edvard Moser”???
“what is the size of the 4th dimension”???
“It makes total sense because both space and time are essential components in episodic memory “???
“Our experience of the world depends on the ordering of what we interpret asevents and causalities , and they take place over seconds, minutes and hours…….Edvard Moser”???
“There is no dedicated sensory organ or neural pathway for time, as there is for sight, smell, touch, hearing and taste….Carlo Rovelli”???
” Einstein insisted that the flow of time is a “stubbornly persistent illusion” and many physicists today maintain that there is no such thing as an objective “now””???
“Albert Einstein’s theories of relativity, reveal that space and time are unified as 4th dimensional space-time, a medium that is warped by both gravity and motion”???
“Time’s passage is perhaps the most fundemental feature of our experience, and yet modern physics can’t decide if it is fundamental property of the universe”???
“Isaac Newton, “master clock” out side the universe” All motions may be accelerated and retarded, but the flowing of absolute time is not liable to any change” is the same everywhere”???
“3rd dimension has a base line of distance, and time can be measured. so if you get off your chair and walk 20 metres, then return to your chair.If it took 1 minute in time but your total distance covered is zero. now in the 4th dimension where time is the base line, you get of your chair and travel then return, how much distance did you cover”???
” “Is the universe a closed system”???
” “Is invoked by neuroscientists to suggest that space and time are folded together
in the brain as they are in the universe”???
“Explain time ? not without explaining existance.
Explain existance? Not without explaining time”
Has an uncanny ability to connect the final link with the viewer
his art is accessible . it does not require a certain knowledge of art history and theories behind abstract expression. with your own senses you enter into the fourth dimension and the canvas becomes a joy.
Marcel Duchamp, who once said”the spectator completes the art. the creative act is not performed by the artist alone , the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world by deciphering and interpreting its inner qualifications and this adds his contribution to the creative act”
magic is accomplished when intellect meets emotion
there are people who are not fond of abstract expressionism, and moved on to a more expressive space , where time gives your soul a chance to sour .
i always enjoy looking ar art with someone who is willing to share initis discussion. to talk seriously about other dimensions, and the search for enjoyment, fulfillment in a stationary art form . how each piece of good art should offer the possibility of reinterpretation on each viewing.
i realized we had discovered the perfect starting point to turning the house into a place that reflected , who i am and what i like.
not cool to buy art which match the couch or curtains.
as lush as art is, these explore ground which no other artist has gone. the non-abstraction draws on it’s internal strength from meaning, colour, beyond colour, and depth of thought
find the art you like, then build a house around the art
the visual signature is so unique and can’t be compared to third dimensional art, because it ‘s root is sprouted from different foundations. looking from different space and time, gives different prospective of one’s life.
i hope you enjoy the full collection of “paintings”, each command it’s own study. each center piece creates discussion, which gains attraction from different polarized thought.
each “painting” has a sense of humour to lighten the subject matter, without subduing the study. drama is created once puzzles have been answered.
only via accessing the appropriated thought keys of harmonics, wavelengths, frequency, spectrum, we can evoke and reconstruct the meaning.
of course the colour matters in art. it is one of the components an artist uses to communicate with the viewer, but all of the elements are required to make up that communication. this collection is a study of looking beyond colour…this is one reason which makes me smile every morning.
representational piece explores inner relationships of one self.
blue star– the piece bursts with kinetic energy, provided in part of gestural orange strokes crossing the face of the subject. it is also a very intricately organized piece.
the layers are very easy to identify in these works, which provide a powerful visual signature. the spaces / different layering are breached but do not exert disorder. instead, create an interlocking pattern. similar to a puzzle with complementary pieces.
it is also a whale of a conversation piece.
here you have it, the collection of contemporary studies which require a certain amount of knowledge, before excitement occurs.
what does the fourth dimension look like?
as we travel from the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and break through, what does the central scene?
and why is it important any way?
travelling via music, kindness, contentment, and hungar for the unknown we can SIKH out new realms?
the studies of master pieces and centre pieces , requires a certain displaying of the artwork, at present does not exist in programmed spaces?
fourth dimension only exist if all mankind can be represented, therefore no one faith, respective of there ego, can not be positioned in the center?
is it true to say, once entered into the centre, then the whole of humanity opens up?
patterns and shapes are revealed and recognized?? because no one is the same space and time, each viewer has a different prospective?
let’s talk SIKH?
mankind expresses itself in different forms of light, each wavelength, pulse, broadband, spectrum, harmonic, reveals the character of the person?
people build up the 3rd from the basic building blocks from the 2nd, normally using the square to build a cube, these theories are too basic for the heart?
1st law, its got to represent all, at any time and motion?
here time can be distorted and harmonics give different ripples across the spectrum?
centre pieces have the ability to create peaks and tr-offs, which in turn causes environmental hot points? which create future contention/ discussion?
this is but an opening statement of what’s in front of you. “pictures, paint a thousand words”…now complete the mathematical formula?
Picasso must of had great laugh/time with artificial intelligence??
what is the size and depth of other dimensions?
feather..shaft..quill..barb as in barb wire?
do you actually believe NECTAR is holy sugary water?
Wa He Guru occurs when all external senses have been muted?
And this is another”